PERL, MARTIN LEWIS


PERL, MARTIN LEWIS
PERL, MARTIN LEWIS (1927– ), U.S. physicist and Nobel laureate. Perl was born in Brooklyn, New York City, and graduated early from Madison High School (1943), his education boosted by strong parental encouragement, prodigious reading and a great interest in working with tools, wood, chemicals and Erector (construction) sets. He gained his B.S. in chemical engineering at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (now Polytechnic University) (1948), a course interrupted by World War II service in the U.S. Merchant Marine and Army. He worked for the General Electric Company before pursuing his now definitive career choice of physics at Columbia University (1950) where he completed his thesis under the supervision of I.I. Rabi (1955). He was a member of the physics department of the University of Michigan (1955–63), where he became professor, before moving to Stanford University's Linear Accelerator Center (1963) and where he has been professor of physics since 1970. His first 10 years of experimental research was in the complicated field of strong interactions   of elementary particles such as the pion and proton. His basic interest in fundamental problems in physics led him to study the relation between the electron and the muon, which have many similar properties, although the muon is much heavier. Speculating that there might be heavier members of the electron-muon family, his theoretical and practical skills led to the discovery of the tau lepton, for which he received the Nobel Prize in physics (1995) and the Wolf Prize for physics (1982). His work thus extended the electron-muon to the electron-muon-tau family of which no heavier members have yet been found. His subsequent research centers on the relation between electrons, muons, and tau particles and on the search for elementary particles with a fraction of the electric charge of the electron. Perl's other research interests are in optical and electronic devices and liquid drop technology. Perl has always been a strong supporter of Israel and Jewish life in the U.S. He practices Reconstructionist Judaism. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perl , Martin Lewis — (1927–) American physicist Born in New York, Perl first graduated in chemistry in 1948 at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. After working in industry as a chemical engineer for General Electric, Perl became interested in nuclear physics.… …   Scientists

  • Perl, Martin Lewis — ▪ American physicist born June 24, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American physicist who received the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovering a subatomic particle that he named the tau, a massive lepton with a negative charge. The tau,… …   Universalium

  • Martin Lewis Perl — Born June 24, 1927 (1927 06 24) (age 84) …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Lewis Perl — Martin Lewis Perl. Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martin Lewis Perl — (24 juin 1927 à New York) est un physicien américain. Il est lauréat de la moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1995 pour sa découverte du lepton tau[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Physiknobelpreis 1995: Martin Lewis Perl — Frederick Reines —   Die Amerikaner wurden für »ihre experimentellen Pionierbeiträge auf dem Gebiet der Leptonphysik« ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Martin Lewis Perl, * New York 24. 6. 1927; 1948 Abschluss des Chemiestudiums in New York, danach Physikstudium und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Martin L. Perl — Martin Lewis Perl Martin Lewis Perl Martin Lewis Perl, né le 24 juin 1927 à New York, est un physicien américain, qui a obtenu le prix Nobel de physique en 1995 pour sa découverte du lepton tau. Ses parents étaient des immigrants venant de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Perl — Martin Lewis Perl Martin Lewis Perl Martin Lewis Perl, né le 24 juin 1927 à New York, est un physicien américain, qui a obtenu le prix Nobel de physique en 1995 pour sa découverte du lepton tau. Ses parents étaient des immigrants venant de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin L. Perl — Martin Lewis Perl (* 24. Juni 1927 in New York) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Für seine Entdeckung des Tauons erhielt er zusammen mit Frederick Reines 1995 den Nobelpreis für Physik. Perl ist der Sohn jüdischer Einwanderer aus dem damals zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Perl — (izg. pȇrl), Martin Lewis (1927) DEFINICIJA američki kemičar i fizičar; Nobelova nagrada za fiziku 1995. (s F. Reinesom) …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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